Quoad Omnia, Sacra & Civila ??.....

The History and Geography of Auld Scotia

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DavidWW
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Joined: Sat Dec 11, 2004 9:47 pm

Quoad Omnia, Sacra & Civila ??.....

Post by DavidWW » Mon Dec 19, 2005 6:13 pm

According to "The Law & Practice of the Kirk" by the Very
Reverend Dr. Andrew Heron M.A., B.D., LL.B., D.D., the explanation is basically thus:-

"From the reformation of 1560 onwards there is the parish known as the
'Quoad Omnia' or old parish. Knox's ideal was that the country be divided
into such parishes each containing a Church with a Minister and Kirk Session
and a School with a Dominie. This parish had quasi-civil commitments
relating to education and care of the poor etc. As the years went by there
were various secessions from the national church and gradually local
government took over aspects of the church's work in respect of education
and the poor. Prior to the abolition of patronage in 1874 the minister in
such a parish was chosen by the heritors of the parish and the parish had
teinds to provide the minister's stipend and the heritors were responsible
for the upkeep of Church & Manse buildings.

The parish 'Quoad Sacra' grew out of the various breakaway factions and was
an independent parish for religious purposes only - it did not have a teind
to provide stipend, no heritors to maintain church and manse buildings, did
not read banns of marriage and had no civil obligations. Most importantly
the minister was chosen by the congregation.

Since 1929 (the union of Church of Scotland with United Free Church of
Scotland) all church parishes are 'Quoad Sacra'."



It is all very complicated, - there is also a quoad civilia parish and if anyone is really interested in the background I can commend Dr. Herron's book to them, the above being a summary of pages 16 -19.

Other sources lead to the definitions:

QUOAD OMNIA : applied to a parish which combined secular as well as ecclesiastical functions.

QUOAD SACRA: applied to a parish which functions for religious purposes only, created by statute because the existing parish became too large for a single minister; the original parish remained the unit for civil administration unless such matters were transferred to other local government bodies, such as the registrar created in 1855.

QUOAD CIVILA: applied to a parish which functions only for civil, statutory registration purposes in the period since the start of such registration in 1855.

David

CatrionaL
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Joined: Fri Dec 10, 2004 11:11 pm
Location: Scottish Borders

Post by CatrionaL » Mon Jul 10, 2006 11:05 am

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